The Department of Fertilizers has been entrusted the responsibility of ensuring movement, distribution and allocation of subsidised chemical fertilizers, from various fertilizer plants and ports in accordance with the State-wise requirement assessed by the Department of Agriculture & Co-operation (DAC). The distribution of imported urea is made keeping in view the requirements of each of the States/Ups.
1. The function of movement divion is season wise(rabi & kharif) essessment of subsidised chemical fertilizers(urea,DAP,MOP & NPK) in consultation with department of agriculture and co-opration (DAC) and to ensure the availability of various fertilizers to the farmers in the country various steps have been taken by the Department of Fertilizers:-
2. FERTILIZER ASSESSMENT:
i) The assessment of the requirement of chemical fertilizers i.e. Urea, DAP, MOP & NPK for each season is finalized by Department of Agriculture and Cooperation in consultation with, DOF, States, Railways, Fertilizers Association of India, Companies and other stake holders.
ii) For this, biannual Zonal Conferences are held before start of each cropping season i.e. Kharif (April to September) and Rabi (October to March).
3. PREPARATION OF SUPPLY PLAN:
i) To fulfill the monthly requirement as projected by DAC, Movement Division prepares agreed supply plan in consultation with Manufacturers / Importers.
ii) Though 50% of indigenously produced Urea and 20% of the Phosphatic & Potashic fertilizers (DAP, MOP and NPK) Indigenous / Imported are regulated under clause(6) of the Fertilizer (Control) Order, 1985 but the department continues to draw the agreed monthly supply plan of all the fertilizers in consultation with the manufacturers and importers as per Fertilizer (Movement) Control Order, 1973.
iii) The monthly supply plan is prepared keeping in view the following factors:-
* Approximately 50% supply should be from indigenous sources.
*Established marketing zones of the companies.
*Keeping the lead distance as minimum as possible.
iv) The agreed monthly supply plan is issued before 25th of each month for the next month.
v) The fertilizers are mainly transported through railways and for this purpose directions are issued to all suppliers to maintain 80:20 ratio i.e. 80% of the total quantity to be moved through railways and 20% by road.
4. MONITORING OF FERTILIZERS:
i) The movement of all major subsidized fertilizers is monitored throughout the country by an online web based monitoring system (www.urvarak.com) which is also known as Fertilizer Monitoring System (FMS).
Further one step ahead DoF introduced another web based monitoring system (mFMS) which is showing the availability of fertilizer up to retailer/ wholesaler level.
ii) Weekly Video conference is conducted jointly by DAC, DoF, Ministry of Railways with State Agriculture Officials, corrective actions are taken to dispatch fertilizer as indicated by the State Governments.
iii) The gap in the requirement and indigenous production of Fertilizers is met through imports.
iv) DoF ensures availability of fertilizers at State level, State Governments are responsible for equitable distribution as per District/ Block level requirement.
5. IMPORT OF FERTILIZERS:
i) Import of urea for direct agriculture use is made on Government Account through STEs viz. STC, MMTC & IPL to bridge the gap between indigenous availability and assessed demand.
ii) The Steering Committee of Secretaries (SCOS) under the chairmanship of Secretary (Fertilisers) and consisting Secretary (Agriculture), Secretary (Expenditure), Commerce Secretary, Secretary (Shipping) and Chairman Railway Board as members, decides the quantity of urea to be imported in each cropping season i.e. Kharif & Rabi.
iii) Government of India, through Department of Fertilizers (DoF), has entered into a long term Urea Off-Take Agreement (UOTA) with Oman India Fertilizer Company (OMIFCO), Sur, Oman to lift its entire production of granular urea in first 15 years of the production of the company. Import of urea from OMIFCO is made through M/s IFFCO & KRIBHCO. The rated capacity of OMIFCO plant is 1.652 million MTs per annum. At present OMIFCO is producing about 2 million MTs granular urea per annum.
iv) P&K Fertilizer (DAP, MOP and NPK) are under Open General Licence (OGL) as per Foreign Trade Policy.